guyana francese wikipedia

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Regionalt anses Guyana for at være et caribisk land, eftersom det har stærke kulturelle, historiske og politiske forbindelser til andre anglo-caribiske lande. A Magyarországnál több mint kétszer nagyobb, nagyrészt ma is erdő borította, egykor Brit Guyana néven ismert gyarmat 1966-ban nyerte el függetlenségét. It was abolished in 1946, the year that French Guiana as a whole was formally established as an overseas department of France. Countries and dependencies of South America, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha,, French-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1946, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages move-protected due to vandalism, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from August 2020, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from August 2020, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1 (all overseas regions consist of a department in themselves. The department was considered suitable for the purpose because it is near the equator and has extensive access to the ocean as a buffer zone. Translations in context of "Guyana francese" in Italian-English from Reverso Context: La specie è stata rinvenuta nella Guyana francese. It was first published in France in 1969, describing his escape from a penal colony there. Itt található a Guyana Űrközpont. Wikipedia's Franska Guyana as translated by GramTrans. Guyana (oficialment: Co-operative Republic of Guyana) és una república de la costa septentrional de l'Amèrica del Sud.Constitueix la part occidental de l'extensa regió de la Guaiana i limita amb Surinam a l'est, amb el Brasil al sud i a l'oest, amb Veneçuela a l'oest i amb l'oceà Atlàntic al nord. Storia. [24] The coastal environment along the N1 has historically experienced the most changes, but development is occurring locally along the N2, and also in western French Guiana due to gold mining. La Guyana francese ha un clima di foresta pluviale tropicale predominante. However, the 1794 decree was only implemented in Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe and Guyane: it was a dead letter in Senegal, Mauritius and Reunion. "The violent reaction by the garimpeiros can be explained by the exceptional take of 617 grams of gold, about 20 percent of the quantity seized in 2009 during the battle against illegal mining", said Phillipe Duporge, the director of French Guiana's border police, at a press conference the next day.[39]. Guyana habitesis dal indijeni de rasi Arawak e Karib ante l'arivo dil Europani. [17] March 28, 2017 was the day of the largest demonstration ever held in French Guiana. French Guiana's main seaport is the port of Dégrad des Cannes, located on the estuary of the Mahury River, in the commune of Remire-Montjoly, a south-eastern suburb of Cayenne. The rainforests of French Guiana provide shelter for many species during dry periods and terrestrial glaciation. [25], In 2017, the GDP of French Guiana at market exchange rates was US$5.18 billion (€4.59 billion),[2] ranking as the largest economy in the Guianas, and the 11th largest in South America. Sugar and bananas were traditionally two of the main cash crops grown for export but have almost completely disappeared. This was operated from 1852 to 1953. Almost all of French Guiana's imports and exports pass through the port of Dégrad des Cannes. 98.9% of the land territory of French Guiana is covered by forests,[3] a large part of which is primeval rainforest. It is now part of the European space industry and has had commercial success with such launches as the Ariane 4 and Ariane 5. The Guianese General Council officially adopted a departmental flag in 2010. [not verified in body], During World War II and the fall of France to Nazi German forces, Félix Éboué was one of the first to support General Charles de Gaulle of Free France, as early as June 18, 1940. Guyana's current president is Irfaan Ali. The Musée de l'Espace is a museum devoted to space and space exploration. Dél-Amerika északi részén fekszik, Brazíliával és Suriname-mal határos.Területe 83%-át őserdők borítják. French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane [ɡɥijan]) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. The Ligue de Football de la Guyane is a member of CONCACAF but not of FIFA, and the French Guiana football team finished third in the 2017 Caribbean Cup. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Several small islands are found off the coast, the three Salvation's Islands which include Devil's Island, and the isolated Îles du Connétable bird sanctuary further along the coast towards Brazil. Tourism. There is one elected, local executive body, the Assemblée de Guyane.[37]. French Guiana is divided into 2 arrondissements and 22 communes: French Guiana's main international airport is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, located in the commune of Matoury, a southern suburb of Cayenne. Since December 2015 both the region and the department have been ruled by a single assembly within the framework of a new territorial collectivity, the French Guiana Territorial Collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale de Guyane). As an integral part of France, its head of state is the President of the French Republic, and its head of government is the Prime Minister of France. Overseas department of France in South America. Please read the. Nonostante sia parte del territorio del Sud… A lakosság 90%-a a partvidéken tömörül. Etimología. The President of France appoints a prefect (resident at the prefecture building in Cayenne) as his representative to head the local government of French Guiana. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. Il centro cittadino è dominato dal monte Cépérou (105 m s.l.m. Research is being actively pursued in multiple fields to determine how these enriched soils were historically created, and how this can be done in modern times. As of 2007[update], the Amazonian forest, located in the most remote part of the department, is protected as the Guiana Amazonian Park, one of the ten national parks of France. French Guiana lies between latitudes 3° and 6° N, and longitudes 51° and 55° W. It consists of two main geographical regions: a coastal strip where the majority of the people live, and dense, near-inaccessible rainforest which gradually rises to the modest peaks of the Tumuc-Humac mountains along the Brazilian frontier. Guiana procede del término amerindio tierra de muchas aguas. Nedenstående er en automatisk oversættelse af artiklen Franska Guyana fra den svenske Wikipedia, udført af GramTrans den 2017-08-28 10:14:43. La Caienna è situata nel nord della Guyana francese, sulla costa atlantica. The beaches of the natural reserve of the Amana, the joint Awala-Yalimapo in the west, is an exceptional marine turtle nesting site. Width: But, after France gave up most of its territory in North America in 1803, it developed Guiana as a penal colony, establishing a network of camps and penitentiaries along the coast where prisoners from metropolitan France were sentenced to forced labour. [44], The novel Papillon, by the French convict Henri Charrière, is set in French Guiana. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu ... Comuni della Guyana francese Voce principale: Comuni della Francia. French Guiana sends two deputies to the French National Assembly, one representing the commune (municipality) of Cayenne and the commune of Macouria, and the other representing the rest of French Guiana. During operations as a penal colony beginning in the mid-19th century, France transported approximately 56,000 prisoners to Devil's Island. Guyana berbatasan dengan Suriname di sebelah timur, Brasil di selatan, Venezuela di barat, dan Samudra Atlantik di utara. Its president is Rodolphe Alexandre. [5] In the late 1980s, more than 10,000 Surinamese refugees, mostly Maroons, arrived in French Guiana, fleeing the Surinamese Civil War. However, after each operation ends, Brazilian miners, garimpeiros [fr], return. French Guiana (/ ɡ i ˈ ɑː n ə / or / ɡ i ˈ æ n ə /; French: Guyane) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas.It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. Il dipartimento francese della Guyana francese è diviso in 22 comuni. The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. Metadata. An asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne to the Brazilian border. The region has the highest nominal GDP per capita in South America. Fino all'indipendenza, la Guyana era più culturalmente unita alle isole dei Caraibi inglesi, al Suriname e alla Guyana francese. [16], On March 20, 2017, French Guianese workers began going on strike and demonstrating for more resources and infrastructure. The main groups living in the interior are the Maroons who are of African descent, and Amerindians. Infatti era abitata da coloni provenienti dal subcontinente indiano, da neri africani e da alcuni europei, soprattutto provenienti dalla Gran Bretagna. As of the late 1990s, there was evidence of an uncontacted group of Wayampi. Guiana procede del término amerindio tierra de muchas aguas. On 30 April, the territory was green listed, because the pandemic appeared to be under control except for St-Georges de l'Oyapock. French Guiana (French: Guyane or Guyane française) is a department of France in the Amazonia region of South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname.It is governed as an overseas province of France with same rights and privileges granted to all other French departments and benefits financially from this arrangement. The French attempted to create a colony there in the 18th century in conjunction with its settlement of some Caribbean islands, such as Guadeloupe and Saint-Domingue. ¹ Member of the community but not the Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy. However, since the Brazilian government is yet to complete its border posts, only passenger vehicles will be allowed through the bridge for the time being. Inflection of Guyana (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation) nominative Guyana — genitive Guyanan — partitive Guyanaa — illative Guyanaan — singular plural nominative Guyana — accusative nom. As a part of France, French Guiana is part of the European Union and the Eurozone; its currency is the euro. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world (700,000 people live there inside its over 200,000 km² of area). After French Guiana was established as a penal colony, officials sometimes used convicts to catch butterflies. French Guiana has some of the poorest soils in the world. [26], French Guiana is heavily dependent on mainland France for subsidies, trade, and goods. Roughly 14% of the population is of European ancestry. The vast majority of these are of French ancestry, though there are also people of Dutch, British, Spanish and Portuguese ancestry. Unemployment has been persistently high in the last few decades: 20% to 25% (22.3% in 2012). The main Asian communities are the Chinese (about 3–4%, primarily from Zhejiang Province and Guangdong Province in mainland China) and Hmong from Laos (1–2%). Le Commonwealth de Dominica (do-mi-ní-ca) es un pais independente in le Mar Caribe, situate inter le insulas francese de Guadeloupe e Martinica.Nonobstante su parve superficie e population, le insula es remarcabile pro su patrimonio natural ben preservate e un ric cultura con diverse influentias.. On ha baptisate Dominica le «Insula naturistic del Caribe» pro su beltate non spoliate. La Coupe de Guyane è una competizione calcistica della Guyana francese. [41], The commander of the French armed forces in French Guiana since July 2009 has been General Jean-Pierre Hestin. The Guianese Socialist Party dominated politics in French Guiana until 2010. The bridge was officially opened on March 18, 2017. Though Portugal returned the region to France, it kept a military presence until 1817. És l'entitat política més petita del continent sud-americà (Surinam n'és l'estat independent més petit). This page was last changed on 4 August 2020, at 06:37. Half of its 290,691 inhabitants in 2020 lived in the metropolitan area of Cayenne, its capital. Threats to the ecosystem are: habitat fragmentation from roads, which remains very limited compared to other forests of South America; immediate and deferred impacts of EDF's Petit-Saut Dam; gold mining; poor control of hunting and poaching, facilitated by the creation of many tracks; and the introduction of all-terrain vehicles. [13], A border dispute with Brazil arose in the late 19th century over a vast area of jungle, resulting in the short-lived, pro-French, independent state of Counani in the disputed territory. French Guiana has a tropical rainforest climate predominant. There are also flights to Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Belém, and Fortaleza. The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a country in South America. The territory of Inini consisted of most of the interior of French Guiana when it was created in 1930. 5,500 plant species have been recorded, including more than a thousand trees, along with 700 species of birds, 177 species of mammals, over 500 species of fish including 45% of which are endemic and 109 species of amphibians. Between August and November, the eastern half experiences a "dry" season with rainfall below 60 millimetres or 2.36 inches occurring in September and October, causing eastern French Guiana to be classed as a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am); Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni in the west has a tropical rainforest climate (Af). In addition, a number of other local languages exist. Fransk Guyana (eller Guiana, Guyane eller Guyane française på fransk) er et oversøisk fransk departement (département et région d'outre-mer, DOM-ROM) [1].Guyana ligger på den caribiske kyst i Sydamerika.Hovedstaden i Fransk Guyana hedder Cayenne.Fransk Gyuana er ligsom Martinique og Guadeloupe en den del af DOm og e tilhører dermed EU området. Usage on Caienna; Guyana francese; View more global usage of this file. Starting in 1960, the Tour of Guiana, an annual multiple stage bicycle race, is held. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. The Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) gets many visitors all year round. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Eventuelle ændringer i den svenske original vil blive fanget igennem regelmæssige genoversættelser. Bill Marshall, Professor of Comparative Cultural Studies at the University of Stirling[10] wrote of French Guiana's origins: The first French effort to colonize Guiana, in 1763, failed utterly, as settlers were subject to high mortality given the numerous tropical diseases and harsh climate: all but 2,000 of the initial 12,000 settlers died. The Petit-Saut Dam, a hydroelectric dam in the north of French Guiana forms an artificial lake and provides hydroelectricity. Situata entro sei gradi dall'Equatore e in aumento solo a quote modeste, la Guyana francese è calda e opprimentemente umida tutto l'anno. Slavery was abolished in the colonies at the time of the French Revolution. Tourism. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . Il Suriname è lo Stato più piccolo del Sudamerica in termini di estensione territoriale, se si esclude la Guyana francese, dipartimento d'oltremare della Francia. Franco della Guyana francese fuori corso; Stati: Guyana francese: Frazioni: 100 centime: Monete: 5 e 10 centime Banconote: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1 000 e 5 000 franchi 1, 5, 10, 50 e 100 nuovi franchi Periodo di circolazione: 1888 - 2002: Sostituita da: Euro dal 1º gennaio 2002: Tasso di cambio Agganciata a: Franco francese French Guiana and the two larger countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as "the Guianas" and constitute one large landmass known as the Guiana Shield. Questa voce sugli argomenti cantoni della Francia e Guyana francese è solo un abbozzo. It is ranked first in suicides per capita worldwide. Fewer than 10% survived their sentence.[11]. Guyana er således også medlem af Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Sites of Terra preta (anthropogenic soils) have been discovered in French Guiana, particularly near the border with Brazil. This is due to the presence of old-growth forests (i.e., ancient/primary forests), which are biodiversity hotspots. [32], French Guiana's population of 290,691 (2020 estimate[1]), most of whom live along the coast, is substantially ethnically diverse. A Data for the four overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and Réunion, not including the new overseas department of Mayotte. Martinique had been conquered by the British, who maintained slavery there.[9]. [5] More recently, French Guiana has received large numbers of Brazilian and Haitian economic migrants. Today they have been replaced by livestock raising (essentially beef cattle and pigs) in the coastal savannas between Cayenne and the second-largest town, Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, and market gardening (fruits and vegetables) developed by the Hmong communities settled in French Guiana in the 1970s, both destined to the local market. [citation needed] After de Gaulle was elected as president of France, he established the Guiana Space Centre in 1965. Frans Guyana (officieel Guyane, informeel dèks Guyane française) is 'n euverziese regio meh ouch 'n euverzies departemint vaan Fraankriek, gelege in 't noorde vaan Zuid-Amerika.In 't weste grens 't aon Suriname, in 't zuie en ooste aon Brazilië, in 't noorde aon de Atlantische Oceaon.Hoofstad en groetste plaots is Cayenne. Following a treaty between France and Brazil signed in July 2005, the Oyapock River Bridge over the Oyapock River was built and completed in 2011, becoming the first land crossing ever between French Guiana and the rest of the world (there exists no other bridge crossing the Oyapock River, and no bridge crossing the Maroni River marking the border with Suriname, although there is a ferry crossing to Albina, Suriname). French Guiana was originally inhabited by indigenous people: Kalina, Arawak, Galibi, Palikur, Teko, Wayampi and Wayana. [18], French Guiana has been impacted severely by the COVID-19 outbreak, with more than 1% of French Guianese testing positive by the end of June 2020.[19]. Other mountains include Mont Machalou (782 m, 2,566 ft), Pic Coudreau (711 m, 2,333 ft), Mont St Marcel (635 m, 2,083 ft), Mont Favard (200 m, 660 ft) and Montagne du Mahury (156 m, 512 ft). [6][7], From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It was intended to replace the Sahara base in Algeria and stimulate economic growth in French Guiana. Inizialmente nata come forte sull'isola di Caienna, situata alla foce dell'omonimo fiume, con l'aumento della popolazione i confini della città si sono espansi anche sulla terraferma ad est del fiume. The people identified as Lokono. Kourou is the main town on an "administrative district" of French Guyana. [28] The Guiana Space Centre employed 1,659 people in 2012. [30], In 2017, the GDP per capita of French Guiana at market exchange rates, not at PPP, was US$18,313 (€16,218),[2] the highest in South America,[31] but only 46.7% of metropolitan France's average GDP per capita that year, and 55.5% of the metropolitan French regions outside the Paris Region. Article 49 of the law proposed the creation of a single organization responsible for environmental conservation in French Guiana. [40] The inauguration makes it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. An Guyane (tawag ha Ininglis: French Guiana; Kinatsila ngan daan nga Winaray: Guyana Francesa; alternatibo nga kasurat ha Winaray: Guyana Fransesa) amo an usa ka departamento ha tabok-han-dagat ngan rehiyon ha nasod han Fransya.An prefektura o kapital hini amo an Cayenne.. An opisyal nga ngaran ha Frinanses Guyane kundi ha kadaan nga kagamit, gindugngan ini han adhetibo nga française. The addition of the adjective "French" in most languages other than French is rooted in colonial times, when five such colonies (The Guianas) had been named along the coast, subject to differing powers: namely (from west to east) Spanish Guiana (now Guayana Region and Guayana Esequiba in Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá in Brazil). 1 Tout moun fèt lib é égal annan dinyité é annan drwè. Republik Kooperatif Guyana, dahulu bernama Guyana Britania, adalah sebuah negara di pesisir utara Amerika Selatan.Guyana merupakan satu-satunya negara di kawasan itu yang menetapkan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa resminya. [36] Other languages spoken include Portuguese, Hakka, Haitian Creole, Spanish, Dutch, English, and Tamil, and Caribbean Hindustani. The Maroons, descendants of escaped African slaves, live primarily along the Maroni River. [12] A Portuguese-British naval squadron took French Guiana for the Portuguese Empire in 1809. The sentences of the convicts were often long, and the prospect of employment very weak, so the convicts caught butterflies to sell in the international market, both for scientific purposes as well as general collecting. [34] Guianan Catholics are part of the Diocese of Cayenne. Venezuela claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba. In 1964, French president Charles de Gaulle decided to construct a space-travel base in French Guiana. Le Republica Cooperative de Guyana (Co-operative Republic of Guyana) es un pais de America del Sud situate in le plateau del Guyanas. The Hmong people are also largely Catholic owing to the influence of missionaries who helped bring them to French Guiana. It was returned to France with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1814. Confini comunali della Guyana Francese. A chronic issue affecting French Guiana is the influx of illegal immigrants and clandestine gold prospectors from Brazil and Suriname. The soil characteristics have led to the use of slash and burn agriculture. Yé dwé di rézon é di konsyans, é divèt aji roun pou ròt annan roun lèspri di fraténité. [29], There is very little manufacturing. Logging concessions or free transfers are sometimes granted by local authorities to persons traditionally deriving their livelihood from the forest. Guyana, oficiálním názvem Guyanská kooperativní republika (anglicky Co-operative Republic of Guyana), je stát v Jižní Americe.Jeho sousední státy jsou Brazílie, Surinam a Venezuela.Je jediným státem Commonwealthu na jihoamerické pevnině. The main Amerindian groups (forming about 3–4% of the population) are the Arawak, Carib, Emerillon (now called the Teko), Galibi (now called the Kaliña), Palikur, Wayampi and Wayana. French Guiana's highest peak is Bellevue de l'Inini in Maripasoula (851 m, 2,792 ft). Among the military, police and security forces in French Guiana, are the following: At Easter, French Guianese people eat a traditional dish called Awara broth. Agriculture is largely undeveloped and is mainly confined to the area near the coast and along the Maroni River. Durante la maggior parte dell'anno, le piogge in tutto il paese sono abbondanti a causa della presenza della Zona di Convergenza Intertropicale e delle sue potenti celle temporalesche. Francesi Guyana es un transmarin département e region de Francia.It es situat in li nord-ost de Sud-America al Atlántic Ocean.Francesi Guyana es parte de Francia e per to membre del Europan Union e del NATO.Li oficial lingue es francesi e li valuta es li Euro.. Francesi-Guyana have 239.648 (2012) e un area de 83.534 quadrat-kilometres. The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas department and region of French Guiana.The first five cases were found on 4 March and the first death was announced on 20 April 2020. The Guiana Space Centre, located a short distance along the coast from Kourou, has grown considerably since the initial launches of the Véronique rockets. There are many rivers in French Guiana, including the Waki River. Official name: Department of French Guiana (Its population is less than ​1⁄200 that of Metropolitan France.) These forests are protected by a national park (the Guiana Amazonian Park), and six additional nature reserves. Following the Grenelle Environment Round Table of 2007, the Grenelle Law II was proposed in 2009, under law number 2010–788.

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